The risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders can be classified in 3 families.
The work-related risk factors include rapid workpace, repetitive motion patterns, heavy lifting, use of force, non-neutral body postures, static work, frequent bending and twisting, concentrations of mechanical pressure, vibrations, cold, or an insufficient recovery time.
The psychosocial risk factors include a low job satisfaction, job or family stress, low job control, a low decision lattitude, low social support, an effort vs. reward inbalance, injustice, or perceived monotonous work, self-perception, or certain health beliefs.
Finally, the intrinsic risk factors include obesity, height, spinal abnormalities (e.g, scoliosis), pregnancy, physical condition, ageing, or a genetic predisposition.
The mission of the TIPM is to help employers and employees recognize work-related risk factors, and to teach employees how to feel overload, how to react, and how to gain control over intrinsic risk factors or their consequences: degenerative (age-related) disease are barely avoidable, but the pace of degeneration depends very much on the use one makes of his own body!
Read more: Recognizing WRMSD / Cost of WRMSD / Risk factors